The museum was established on the initiative of the Caransebeş Town Council, as suggested by academician Constantin Daicoviciu, in 1952 under the name of Town Museum. In 1973 it became a county museum. The current name dates from 1991. The building is a provincial Austrian Baroque historic and architectonic monument, built in 1753, under the reign of Mary Therese, to function as barracks for frontier guards. The museum has two departments: the Caraş-Severin county Ethnography and the History of the Border Regiment, having the following sub-departments: archaeology (including the museum on the premises of the Tibiscum National Park), art, and the Bistra Valley ethnographic reservati...on. In the inner courtyard of the museum you can see a traditional house, made of wood and stone, which belonged to forester Mihai Margan, built in 1854, and typical for the architecture of the Banat Mountain Region. The museum includes archaeology collections: silex microliths from the Palaeolithic, pottery from the Neolithic, artefacts from the excavations at Tibiscum, coins; history: side and fire weapons; ethnography: agriculture, fishing, and weaving tools, costumes, textiles, glass and wood icons.