The museum was established in 1957 following a donation of 902 archaeological objects from Barbu Ionescu, an accountant and collector, who was the first manager of the museum until 1968. In 1968, Done Şerbănescu became manager. He reorganized and modernized the museum. The museum collections increased considerably, rising to 15,500 objects. The building was built in 1926, by architect Ion Cernescu. At first, it used to house cultural events, and then, for a short period, it was a local branch of the National Bank and city council. The exhibits include Gumelniţa culture material from the Eneolithic period (stone and antler tools, pottery, figurines, anthropomorphic and zoomorph...ic vessels, harpoons, stone axes, and fine arts), treasures from the first millennium AD, and jewel treasures from Colibaşi, Chirnogi, and Iron Age pottery. Due to the originality and unity of its exhibits, the museum is representative for the study of the Gumelnita civilization. Precisely in order to make a connection between the theme of the exhibitions and the name of the museum, since 2001 the name of this institution has been changed from the Museum of Archeology to the Museum of Gumelnita Civilization. The museum owns goods listed in the National Cultural Heritage Treasure.