Ramnicu Sarat Municipal Museum was established in 1960, starting with a Romanian fine art collection of about 100 exhibits. Subsequently collections of ethnographic and folk art (1962), natural sciences (1968), memorial collections of the history of culture of Râmnic area (1971) History and archaeology (1990) were added. Currently the museum has five departments and more than 27,000 cultural goods. The museum works with four of the five sections in the Brancovan Complex - historic monument, in the center of Ramnicu Sarat, the former monastery dedicated to "Assumption of the Mother of God”. The Monastery was built by the Wallachia Prince Constantine Brancovan with his uncle, ...Mihail Cantacuzino, between 1690 and 1697. The ensemble was recently restored with European funds and include a church (today parish church), former cells, the enclosure wall, Princely House and Priory. The permanent exhibition of history and archaeology is open on the ground floor of the Princely House, the basement is a lapidary, upstairs permanent exhibition of fine art. In the former Priory are the permanent exhibition of ethnography, memorial rooms and spaces for temporary exhibitions. Permanent exhibitions include works by Romanian modern art (painting by Iosif Iser, Corneliu Baba, Dumitru Ghiaţă, Petre Iorgulescu-Yor, Stefan Popescu, sculpture by Boris Caragea, Ion Jalea, Cornel Medrea), folk costumes from Buda and Bisoca, carpets, folk pottery, documents, books and personal belongings of personalities from the Râmnic area (Traian Savulescu, Florica Cristoforeanu, George Munteanu Murgoci, Petre Antonescu, Petre Iorgulescu-Yor) objects belonging to the prehistoric period, Greco-Roman and medieval, numismatic collection, documents and rare books. Natural sciences collection includes flora and fauna of the Râmnic Valley and a collection of exotic butterflies from Indo-Malaysian islands and China. The museum owns goods listed in the National Cultural Heritage Treasure.