The museum was established by academician D. Panaitescu - Perpessicius, who was also its first manager. Its first location had been in Toma Stelian House, in 10 Kiseleff Highway. In 1967 the museum was relocated in the Scarlat Kretzulescu House (attested in 1839), a historic monument, built by justice of the peace Alexandru Villara and offered as dowry to his daughter, Elena, on her marriage to Scarlat Kretzulescu. After the death of the latter, the house was sold to the banker Franc, director of Bank of Romania. At the beginning of the 20th century, the building was nationalized and functioned, by turn, as electricity laboratory of the University of Bucharest, boarding-school for girls, the... library of the German Embassy in Bucharest and, after World War II, the Romanian - Russian Museum. It is one of the few Bucharest buildings in a neo-classical style. The house was rebuilt, and recently entirely restored. În June 2014 the collections, library and personnel of the museum had to leave the building and was temporarely stored at Casa Presei Libere 1, in a former printing house reserve. In April 2017, the permanent exhibition of the museum was reopened in a restored building in the centre of Bucharest, on 8, Nicolae Creţulescu Str. The museum has 300,000 items, organized in 300 collections (manuscripts, documents, letters, original photographs, fine arts, memorials), 200 titles of old Romanian books, 20,000 rare books, 8000 periodicals. Main collections: Rare books - writer libraries; Rare Romanian books collection; Collections of manuscript of: Mihail Sadoveanu, Lucian Blaga, Tudor Vianu, Alfred Margul Sperber, Alexandru Macedonski, Paul Zarifopol, Ion Vinea, G. Dem. Teodorescu, Ion Pillat, Adrian Maniu, etc. Exceptional items: Lucian Blaga - the manuscripts of the verse volumes, and those of the plays and philosophical works; Mihail Sadoveanu - the manuscripts of the history novels and pieces of furniture belonging to the writer; Sully Proudhomme's letter to Vasile Alecsandri; Marcel Proust's letter to Anton Bibescu; the manuscripts of Alexandru Macedonski's verse and the furniture of the "Literatorul" Literary Group Salon; Dosoftei's main work - 1673; Varlaam - "Cazania" - 1643; Simion Ştefan - a work from 1648; "The Bible of Bucharest" - 1688; Antioh Cantemir - "Satyres", London, 1755.
|12||"George and Agatha Bacovia" Memorial House||Bucureşti||Bucureşti||Strada George Bacovia nr. 63, sector 4||Memoriale||Map it|
|17||"Ion Minulescu" Memorial House||Bucureşti||Bucureşti||Bulevardul Dr. Gheorghe Marinescu nr. 19, et. 2, ap. 12, sector 5, interfon 5||Memoriale||Map it|
|18||"Liviu Rebreanu and Fanny Rebreanu" Memorial House||Bucureşti||Bucureşti||Bulevardul Dr. Gheorghe Marinescu nr. 19, et. 2, ap. 11, sector 5, interfon 6||Memoriale||Map it|
|22||"Tudor Arghezi" Memorial House||Bucureşti||Bucureşti||Strada Mărţişor nr. 26, sector 4||Memoriale||Map it|
|1696||"Alexandru Ciorănescu" Exhibition||Dâmboviţa||Moroieni||Moroieni||Memoriale||Map it|