The building housing the museum is a historic monument dating from 1568, bearing many architectural elements specific of the period: vaulted spaces in the pavement and on the ground floor, an open loggia on the ground floor, decorated with stucco at the ceilings and period woodwork. Currently the museum spans the pavement of the building of 120 sq.m., currently owned by the institution. This space functioned as a pharmacy from 1600 onwards. It was one of the most famous Transylvanian pharmacies named "La Ursul Negru" ("Black Bear’s"). The original museum collection emerged between 1950 and 1951 following a Health Ministry decree regarding the gathering of all the ...pharmacy history vestiges from all the relevant institutions in the country at Brukenthal Museum. The artefacts come from 70 old pharmacies, pharmaceutical offices, medical institutions and private persons from 32 localities in the country. The collection has been stored for 20 years. Due to the size and diversity of the collection there are valuable testimonies on the evolution of pharmacy science and technology, generally, and on the evolution of medication and pharmaceutical practice for over three centuries. It comprises drugs, laboratory utensils, recipients, books and documents, documentary graphics. O distinct component is the homoeopathical inventory (2,910 pieces) a European rarity illustrating the high relevance of this therapy doctrine for Sibiu, the city where Samuel Hahnemann, the founder, lived and worked.