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History Museum

Museum code7000200
NameHistory Museum
CountyAlba
LocalityAIUD
AddressPiaţa Consiliul Europei nr. 24
Postal code515200
Telephone0258.865.459
E-MAIL addressstefanescuiulia@yahoo.com
Accessright side of the main entrance in the Citadel
Time table8:00 - 16:00; Saturday, Sunday: 8:00 - 12:00; Monday: closed
DirectorPaul Scrobotă
Collection(s)The building is part of the Aiud fortress mediaeval architectural complex, situated in the central area of the town precincts. It was built in Transylvanian Gothic style on the northern side of the precincts wall, being made up of the Gate Tower (from the 14th century), and a building on the west wing, on the east-west axis, from the 15th - 16th centuries. Initially built for the Roman-Catholic Church prelates, the building is referred to as castle in 1538. In 1556, it becomes the property of the Transylvanian princes along with the rest of the domains of the Catholic Church. Between 1613 and 1629, it belonged to Prince Gabriel Bethlen. Depending on these various owners, the building bore the names of the Princely Castle/ Palace or the Bethlen Castle/ Residence. Later it will be named the Noblemen's House. Over the centuries several modifications of the roof, doors and windows were undertaken, especially during the 17th - 18th centuries, but also in the 19th century. By 1940, a number of annexes were added to the edifice. Two decades ago the building of the museum underwent a few repairs. The museum was established in 1796, under the name of "Raritatum et Rerum Naturalium Museum" by the Bethlen Reformed Academic College. Initially the historic value items had been inserted into the "rarities" collection, together with other pieces from the natural sciences field. It was only in 1862 that Professor Szathmary Karoly organized the first antiquities collection, including items from more recent times. A numismatic collection was established in 1822. In 1863, it was enriched with the coins and medals collection of Miko Imre. These collections developed also due to the contribution of Professor Kerepey Karoly - custodian of the antiquities collection between 1881 and 1896, and of Fenichel Samuel - ex-employee of the Antiquities Museum in Bucharest, but also explorer of New Guinea and observer of the Papuan life. In 1950, the museum was separated from the college by a Government Decision, being turned into two distinct cultural institutions: the History Museum and the Natural Sciences Museum. The history and archaeology collections include ancient history and archaeology finds from the Neolithic to the Early Middle Ages: Hallstatt bronze deposits (Cetatea, Crizbav, Zagon, Şpălnaca I and II), Scythian and Celtic artefacts, Roman bronze helmet discovered at Lunca Mureşului, Roman epigraphic and sculptural monuments, artefacts from the rustic villa of Aiudul de Sus, and others.
Historic Monument building Historic Monument building AB-II-m-A-00172.01
General profileHistory
Main profileHistory
WEB addresshttp://muzeu-aiud.cimec.ro/
Contact personMaria Vintilă
Founded1796, restructurat 1950
Map itMap it
 
Copyright National Heritage Institute (cIMeC) Bucharest - 1999-2017          Last update: 19.11.2017          Contact: muzee@cimec.ro
Responsible: Irina Oberländer-Târnoveanu irina@cimec.ro