It was established in 1974 due to the donation from the priest Gheorghe Petre of Govora Sat, a self-educated archaeologist. The building is an eclectic style. The museum heritage is represented by the Romanian Archeaology, Rare Books and Art Collection of Priest Gheorghe Petre - Govora, who for three decades researched Vâlcea Land and gathered a rich interesting archaeological finds, coins, art items and Romanian rare books. The local authorities made available for the new place of worship a house in the centre of Govora Spa. The ground floor of the building, comprising four rooms, is dedicated to archaeology, and the upper floor is dedicated to the Romanian rare book exhibition, wooden... and glass icons from the 17th - 19th centuries and Christian art items. The archaeology collection comprises over 4,000 pieces, from the pre-ice period represented by mammoth fossils, Ursus arctes and Ursus spaeleos exhibits from the Upper Paleolithic, the Neolithic Age, the transition period towards the Bronze Age, the early and classic Bronze Age (exceptional samples of Verbicioara culture vessels), the first and the second Iron Age, as well as a rich archeological material documenting the formation, continuity and presence of the Romanian people within its natural borders.